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Stopping Minimal Pairs Feeding Mouths (With images

Phonological Process Definition Examples Age Eliminated By Assimilation (Harmony) Also called harmony, refers to when a sound starts to sound like a surrounding sound beb for bed gank for thank 3-9 Coalescence Substitution of a phoneme that is different from the two adjacen !!www.modernspeechie.com.au! Phonological!Processes!! Phonological!processes!arepredictablepatterns!that!all!children!use!to!simplifyspeech!astheyare!learning!totalk.!A Selected Phonological Processes (Patterns)*. Assimilation (Consonant Harmony) One sound becomes the same or similar to another sound in the word. Process. Description. Example. Likely Age of Elimination**. Velar Assimilation. non-velar sound changes to a velar sound due to the presence of a neighboring velar sound

Selected Phonological Processes - ASH

TABLE 2: Phonological Processes in Typical Speech Development PHONOLOGICAL PROCESS (Phonological Deviation) EXAMPLE DESCRIPTION Context sensitive voicing Pig is pronounced and big Car is pronounced as gar A voiceless sound is replaced by a voiced sound. In the examples given, /p/ is replaced by /b/, and /k/ is replaced by /g/ Phonological process Description Example Approximate age of elimination Cluster reduction When a consonant cluster is produced with only one consonant truck à tuck slide à side brown à bown ~4 years; Including /s/, gone by 5 years Final consonant deletion When the last consonant of a word is omitte Phonological Processes Phonological processes are patterns of articulation that are developmentally appropriate in children learning to speak up until the ages listed below. Data from: Stoel-Gammon & Dunn (1985), Pena-Brooks & Hedge (2007), Bowen, C. (1998) Developmental phonological disorders. A practical guide for families and teachers

What are the types of phonological processes

The stopping phonological process is when a child produces a stop consonant /p, b, t, d, k, or g/ in place of a fricative /f, v, th, s, z, sh, ch/ or an affricate sound /j/. Stopping is considered a normal phonological process that is typically eliminated between of ages of 3-5 years old Phonological Processes Phonological processes are patterns of sound errors that typically developing children use to simplify their speech as they are learning to talk. When a phonological process persists beyond the typical age at which it should have resolved, a child is said to have a phonological disorder or delay. Phonological Process Exampl Substitution Processes- replacing one class of phoneme for another. Substitution: when a speaker produce plosive, but target is affricate/fricative. (children may persist until 4;0 or 5;0) Target should be: Client would say: affricative/ fricative stop. /dʒ, tʃ, / /θ, ð, s, z, f, v/ /p, b, k, g, t, d/. Fronting: when speaker produce. Deletions (Brief process analysis) or Deletion of Nasals (Extended process analysis). Context-sensitive Voicing The substitution of a consonant singleton by its voiced or voiceless cognate, i.e. p b, b p, t d, d t, k g, g k, θ ð, ð θ, f v, v f, s z, z s, ʃ ʒ, ʒ ʃ, ʧ ʤ, ʤ

Types of Phonological Processes Phonological processes: patterns of sound errors that typically developing children use to simplify speech as they are learning to talk. They do this because they lack the ability to appropriately coordinate their lips, tongue, teeth, palate and jaw for clear speech Includes 60 minimal pairs used to target the phonological processes of stopping. All full color pictures.Includes: t/s, p/f, b/f, d/sh, t/sh, and b/v pairs.Follow my store to learn about new product releases. All new products are 50% off for the first 48 hours!Don't forget to leave feedback to ear

If your child is using this phonological process, we recommend speech therapy regardless of their age as this is an unusual pattern that typically indicates the presence of a significant phonological delay. •Weak Syllable Deletion is the deletion of a weak syllable in a word (e.g. nana for banana, puter for computer) A Phonological Process involves regular patterns of sound errors often based around a specific aspect of how the sounds are made. For example, substituting all sounds made in the back of the mouth like k and g for those in the front of the mouth like t and d (e.g., saying tup for cup or das for gas) Stopping is a common phonological process. What is backing: Stopping, a type of substitution error, occurs when children substitute a stop consonant such as t, d, p, b, k or g for fricative or affricate sounds s, z, sh, f, v, j, ch or th. A child might say tun instead of sun or dump instead of jump

Initial H Minimal Pairs Flashcards are simple minimal pair

Phonological processes persist beyond the typical age of development. You can refer to the Phonological Processes Chart for details. Phonological processes are used that are not seen in typical development; A child is highly unintelligible due to the excessive use of phonological processes; Treatment for Phonological Disorders Phonological processes are the patterns that young children use to simplify adult speech. All children use these processes while their speech and language are developing. For example, very young children (ages 1 to 3) may say wa-wa for water or tat for cat. Other children may leave out the final sound in words (for example On the other hand, p, b, m and n are typically developed by 2 years of age. If a child has not mastered these sounds by this age, they should be referred to a speech language pathologist for therapy. There are two types of speech sound disorders: articulation disorders (involves making sounds) and phonological disorders (distortions of sound. Phonological processes affect entire classes of sounds. In addition to simple articulation errors, children may produce erroneous phonological processes. These are errors that affect entire classes of sounds rather than individual sounds. These processes are a normal and natural part of language development and are to be expected in children. Co-occurrence of phonological processes. The phonological simplifying processes described here should serve to illustrate that most of the errors children make are not really errors at all. In fact, the majority of children are still using some phonological simplifying processes up to the age of 5;00 years, and some even beyond this

Phonological Process - StuDoc

A phonological process disorder is a form of speech disorder in which there is difficulty organizing the patterns of sounds in the brain which results in an inability to correctly form the sounds of words. For example, this results in a child who may delete one or more sounds at the beginning of words (like at instead of sat) or. Phonological Approaches to Developing Correct Sound Production by Thaashida L. Hutton, M.S., CCC-SLP Phonological processes are the patterns that young children use to simplify adult speech. All children use these processes while their speech and language are developing. For example, very young children (ages 1 to 3) may say w Here is a list of the phonological processes that are normal for children to use: Cluster Reduction: This is when a consonant cluster, which is two or three consonants occurring in sequence in a word (sp in spot) or (st in stop), is reduced to a single consonant through deletion. For example (pider for spider) or (top for stop)

Phonological processes, then, are the normal patterns of simplification all children use as they are learning to speak. Just like articulation skills, every child will develop their phonology skills differently, but there are ages when a child should stop using different phonological processes [b a b] [b a M] See example in text for devoicing of Japanese vowels when preceded and followed by voiceless obstruents. ii. Feature-Changing rules: A rule that changes the feature specifications. In English, the [-nasal] value of vowels is changed to [+nasal] phonetically through an assimilation process when the vowels occur before nasals. In this episode of the Speech and Language Kids Podcast, I will teach you about phonological processes and phonological disorders. What Are Phonological Processes? When a child is young, he hears the speech sounds of the language used around him, but he can't yet produce all of them. Children don't sound like adults when they speak

· 3yrs - h, b, m, n, ng, k, w, d, p · 3.5yrs - f · 4yrs - ch, sh, l · 4.5yrs - s, z, j · 5yrs - r · 6yrs+ - v, th. PHONOLOGICAL PROCESSES CHECKLIST: Phonology refers to a child's ability to say sounds correctly in words. Children should resolve the following phonological processes by the following: Resolved by So we dive into phonological processes, I included the 5 most popular responses I got on the FB poll: Final Consonant Deletion, Stopping, Weak Syllable Reduction, Fronting, and Consonant Cluster Reduction. -Final consonant deletion cards include 35 minimal pairs, with words and pictures. -Fronting cards include 35 minimal pairs to target /k, g. Phonological Intervention - Minimal Pairs Approach. According to Baker (2010), the minimal pair approach is one of the most popular and oldest phonological interventions. As an SLP, you are likely familiar with the minimal pairs approach for a way to treat phonological processes (e.g. fronting, backing, stopping etc.)

Stopping Phonological Process: What is it? [Free

Phonetic transcription and phonological analysis of a speech sample are an integral part of the assessment process for children presenting with speech sound disorder and inform all aspects of clinical management (McLeod and Baker 2017, Bowen 2015, McLeod and Baker 2014, Howard and Heselwood 2002). For th This BOOM Card™ deck addresses the phonological process of stopping through 2 concept games (interactive scenes) and interactive minimal pairs cards. There are 8 cards per sound pattern in each word position, for a total of 72 cards. The following minimal pairs are targeted:F/P initial; F/P finalV/B. Subjects Using feature notations, write rules for expressing the following phonological processes. a. A vowel becomes short when it occurs before a consonant word-finally, or before a consonant cluster. b. Word-final consonants are deleted after an unstressed vowel. 3. State in plain English what the following rules do. C C a N.B.: McCarthy, Kimper, & Mullin (2012:211-212) argue this isn't an active phonological process. This distribution does not hold in reduplication The palatalization process fails to apply — i.e. underapplies — in the reduplicant via YouTube Captur

Phonological Process Sort- Speech Therapy | TpT

Types of Phonological Processes - WP

Devoicing (DeV), also called Postvocalic Devoicing, is a phonological process typically lasting up to the age 4 years. In this process, voiced consonants at the end of words (e.g., /b/ in web) become voiceless (e.g., /p/ in wep) A phonological speech disorder is present in the absence of structural or neurological problems and generally causes speech to become largely unintelligible to unfamiliar listeners. For instance, if a child with a phonological disorder was to say, 'On the weekend, I went to the beach,' the sentence may sound like 'On a eet en, I ent oo a bee. View Phonological Processes Quiz.docx from LCD 730 at Queens College, CUNY. Phonological Processes Quiz - 11.3.19 I. II. III. IV. V. Definition a. Rule system that is universal and inherent b It provides a useful resource bank of pictures illustrating common phonological processes which can be used to make a variety of games and activities to supplement therapy in the clinic, at home or at school. This second edition is fully revised with colour illustrations and instructions, and additional word pair examples and pairs in sentence

The speech and articulation worksheets as well as the other downloads on this page have been created by Heidi Hanks, M.S.CCC-SLP, and are property of Mommy Speech Therapy. These speech and articulation worksheets are free to download as support material to the related articles found on this site, and they are intended for use in your home or. Phonological Disorder Phonological Processes Speech Language Pathology Speech And Language Therapy Activities Therapy Ideas Cognates Speech Delay Articulation Therapy Purpose To compare the development of phonological skills in children with specific language impairment Leonard, L. B., Kail, R. V., & Miller, C. A. (2002). The role of speed of processing, rapid naming, and phonological awareness in reading achievement. Basic cognitive processes and reading disabilities. In Swanson, H. L. Phonological dyslexia is characterized by difficulties breaking words down into syllables and individual sounds. The smallest sound in a language that carries meaning is referred to as a phoneme.

Phonological Processes. 1. Write the word indicated by each transcription and identify the phonological process or change responsible for each pronunciation. Example: Transcription: Word: Phonological Process [əp h izmənt] appeasement: aspiration: a. [t w uθbrʌʃ] b. [sĩmfəni] c. [kɝɫi] d. [əp h ɔɪntmənt] e Phonological processes are unordered with respect to each other and apply simultaneously (though the output of one process may be the input to another). The second most prominent natural phonologist is Patricia Donegan (Stampe's wife); there are many natural phonologists in Europe, and a few in the U.S., such as Geoffrey Nathan

A phonological rule is a formal way of expressing a systematic phonological or morphophonological process or diachronic sound change in language.Phonological rules are commonly used in generative phonology as a notation to capture sound-related operations and computations the human brain performs when producing or comprehending spoken language. They may use phonetic notation or distinctive. • Phonemes become allophones via phonological processes (e.g., aspiration, devoicing, nasalization, etc.). These processes are represented by phonologicalrules. 28 Two main questions in phonological analysis • First, how do we know if two (or more) sounds in a particular language are phonemes o anticipation or in the preservation of articulatory processes • For example, it is easier to lower the velum while a vowel is being produced before a nasal stop than to wait for the completion of the vowel to then lower the velum even more quickly • There are many assimilation rules in English and other language

Speech Sound Disorders. Speech sound disorders is an umbrella term referring to any difficulty or combination of difficulties with perception, motor production, or phonological representation of speech sounds and speech segments—including phonotactic rules governing permissible speech sound sequences in a language.. Speech sound disorders can be organic or functional in nature Articulatory suppression and phonological codes in reading for meaning.Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology,42A, 375-399. Google Scholar Coltheart, V., & Laxon, V. J. (1990). The development of phonological mediation in reading comprehension.Language & Cognitive Processes,5, 81-104 I would first do a thorough investigation of all phonological processes if this hasn't already been accomplished. I use Barbara Hodson's Assessment of Phonological Processes- Revised . The child may be using a pattern substituting /h/ for more difficult phonological processes such as stridents (using your example of telephone and scissors. Phonological awareness (PA) and rapid automatized naming (RAN) have been shown to be powerful predictors of reading achievement across many languages. However, literature remains unclear: (a) whether RAN is independent of PA, (b) about the specific influences of PA and RAN on reading and spelling, and (c) about the efficacy of a RAN intervention

B And V Minimal Pairs Worksheets & Teaching Resources Tp

The phonological rules used included those that characterize the speech of younger hearing children acquiring Cantonese (e.g., cluster reduction, stopping, and deaspiration). However, most children also used at least one unusual phonological rule (e.g., frication, addition, initial consonant deletion, and/or backing) The purpose of this study was to examine the organization inherent in children's misarticulations of final consonant sounds. Four children with consistent omission of final consonants were taught to produce selected exemplars of either final stops or fricatives in a counterbalanced order within a multiple baseline design

Intro to phonology lectr 2

V And B Minimal Pairs Worksheets & Teaching Resources Tp

In the present study the mainfocus is on the impact of phonologicalawareness on reading comprehension. The studyinvolved 1300 children in Grade 1. Syllableawareness, phoneme awareness, word decodingand reading comprehension were each assessedwith two or three subtests. The results wereanalyzed by structural modeling. Due to themarked skewness observed for some of themanifest variables. B E L I E V E is a c o m p o u n d with the segmental structure H M H . It begins with a hold with the fingertip in contact with the forehead and m o v e s to a hold in contact with the weak hand at trunk level in front of the signer. B E L I E V E , like G I V E - I N , begins in c o n t a c t with the body

Phonological Processes TherapyWork

A process that results in a change to the syllable structure of the word: 1. final consonant deletion. 2. cluster reduction. 3. unstressed syllable deletion. 4. reduplication. 5. epenthesis. 1. Final Consonant Deletion. Omission of a final singleton consonant in a word or deletion of all members of a final consonant cluster Lexical access involves multiple processes of representation, in particular a semantic word-meaning process and a phonological word-form mapping process, that allow access and retrieval from the.

Phonological Processes - Language Support

  1. A phonological disorder occurs when the processes (patterns) persist beyond the age when most typically developing children have corrected them, when the processes used are much different (atypical) than what would be expected, and/or if so many processes are used that it significantly negatively affects intelligibility of speech
  2. phonetic form finally adopted, we shall see how the phonological rules carry out process of change (Crystal, 1997, pp. 164-165). On the whole, the rules of the phonology can change the value of individual features, change the position of whole phonemes, and can delete features and add features. This paper aims to illustrate the four cases above
  3. Identify the target phonological process. For example, a 3-year-old boy, Ben, has voicing errors. He turns off his voice at the start of his words when he should be turning it on (e.g. he says pig instead of big). In this case, we want Ben to say /b/. We call this the target
  4. The matrix makes process identification a much easier task and is recommended for those who are new to the ALPHA or to phonological processes in general. The matrix is based on the process definitions used by the ALPHA and would not be appropriate for other tests of phonology
  5. Speech Therapy: The phonological process of fronting Learning language is a tough process for children and often involves small steps and substitutions as your child masters new sounds. For example, your child might have started out saying wawa but has since advanced to saying water
  6. imal pair approach is one of the most popular and oldest phonological interventions. As an SLP, you are likely familiar with the
  7. both a phonological store, where information is constantly being replaced, and a rehearsal process, which maintains longer-term representations in the phonological store. In our method, we construct a phonological store by employing a shifting buffer that is best seen as a matrix S2Rd kwith columns S[1]:::S[k]. At every time point, all columns.

Phonological Process: Stopping Chicago Speech Therap

The /f/ sound is made by touching the upper teeth to the lower lip and then breathing out. The /v/ sound is made exactly the same way except for when you make the /v/ sound you turn on your voice. Knowing this helps us understand why when kids have trouble with the /f/ sound they most likely have trouble with the /v/ sound as well SL4 Articulation - Phonological Processes SL5 Articulation - Traditional SL6 Fluency SL7 Fluency SL8 Fluency SL9 Morphology/Syntax (Words/Sentence Forms) SL10 Morphology/Syntax (Words/Sentence Forms) SL11 Morphology/Syntax (Words/Sentence Forms) SL12 Pragmatics-Conversation Rules Behaviors SL13 Pragmatics-Language Function/intent Happy Goal Writing! PRESCHOOL SLP GOAL BANK. Phono. By the end of the IEP, given a verbal or visual prompt X will produce targeted speech sounds without process errors in 3-4 word sentences with 80% accuracy measured through observation in 3/4 data collection opportunities per grading term. By the end of the IEP, given a verbal or visual prompt. Phonological awareness is the foundation for reading. It lets people recognize and work with the sounds of spoken language. That includes: Picking out words that rhyme. Counting the number of syllables in a word. Noticing sound repetition (Susie sold six salami sandwiches) Preschools usually include this type of language play, songs.

What are Phonological Processes? Mommy Speech Therap

progress in identifying which processes are most relevant to (a) learning to read and spell words, (b) predicting who will have reading and spelling problems if not provided early intervention, and (c) improving reading or writing by training processes related to these literacy skills. Processes include: 1. phonological (Morris et al., 1998; Wagne Phonological Process Example Approximate Age of Elimination Prevocalic Voicing A voiceless (quiet) sound is replaced by a voiced (loud) sound. car → gar toe → doe pig → big 3 years Word Final Devoicing A final voiced sound is replaced by a voiceless sound. bed → be Word Level Processes . Word level processes are defined as those entailed in word recognition, either as component or prerequisite skills. Specifically, we discuss word recognition and its acquisition, phonological awareness, and vocabulary. Expert Word Recognition . Over the past 40 years, we have learned a great deal about the comple Reading is accomplished by the division of labor between the three systems. In particular, a mapping between vision and phonology (V > P) permits reading of regular words with a high speech-sound correspondence (e.g., mint) or high-frequency irregular words (e.g., have), whereas irregular words with a less regular speech-sound correspondence (e.g., colonel, pint) are supported by the semantic. -phonological loop, and -visual-spatial sketchpad. 6 7 13 . Advanced Interpretation of the WISC-V Cognitive Processes and Reading •Rapid automatic naming measures, similar to Naming Speed Literacy, significantly predict reading ability in both younger and older childre

Speech Sound Disorders: Articulation vs

  1. es the phonological status of /v/ in terms of inventory structure, phonotactics an
  2. B. Data gathering and review may include, but is not limited to, the following information to establish a profile of the whole child: 1. student and family history, including relevant developmental, health, or home information; 2. speech and language information, including assessment of phonological awareness; 3
  3. Phonological awareness is a crucial skill to develop in children. It is strongly linked to early reading and spelling success through its association with phonics. It is a focus of literacy teaching incorporating: recognising phonological patterns such as rhyme and alliteration. awareness of syllables and phonemes within words, and
  4. This article defines phonological awareness and discusses historic and contemporary research findings regarding its relation to early reading. Common misconceptions about phonological awareness are addressed. Research-based guidelines for teaching phonological awareness and phonemic awareness to all children are described. Additional instructional design guidelines are offered for teaching.
  5. Affixation is a morphological process that adds phonological material to a word in order to change its meaning, syntactic properties, or both. Some examples of affixation in English are given in (1). (1) a. fond fondness b. start restart c. car cars In this article, an overview of different types of affixatio
  6. Outline 1 Locality and Variability in Phonological Processes 2 E ects of syntax and prosody 3 E ects of Predictability 4 E ects of predictability in non-reductive processes 5 Conclusion and Outlook Michael Wagner The locality of production planning 2 September 13 2019 2/5
  7. phonology Chapter 7 features. 1.a voiced sound that is less sonorous than a vowel but moresonorous than a stop or fricative and that may occur aseither a sonant or a consonant, as (l, r, m, n, y, w). 2.a speech sound characterized by relatively free air passagethrough some channel, as a vowel, semivowel, liquid, ornasal. Compare obstruent
Summary worksheet phonics and phonological awareness

Questions people ask about the role of phonological processes in learning to read. Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 17, 483-515. Title: Slide 1 Author: lynne.cox Created Date: 7/19/2013 3:54:53 AM. This suggests the phonological properties are what matter. But Modern Hebrew stop-spirant alternation is quite opaque (cf. Idsardi 1997), and difficult to learn (Berman 1982: 614): (7) Hebrew-speaking children realize that b and v, p and f, k and x are 'the same thing', tha phonological awareness. To date, the literature has not taken a concise position on the level at which phonological representation becomes problematic for the poor reader. Some research considers poor phonological representation in short-term memory processes (Brady et al. B. Lindblom. Linguistic Experience Alters Phonetic Infancy, v.3 (2002). Phonological and Prosodic Bootstrapping Around their first birthday, most infants start pro- Children are known to process phrasal prosody from very early on. In fact, infants gain sensitivity to. Verbal fluency for semantic categories and phonological letters is frequently applied to studies of language and executive functions. Despite its popularity, it is still debated whether measures of semantic and phonological fluency reflect the same or distinct sets of cognitive processes

Phonological processes affect entire classes of sounds

Phonological awareness and early writing. The reciprocal relationship between learning to read and learning to write has been well documented (Clay, 1998; Hill, 2015). As early writers invent spelling to represent words, they are contending with sound-letter relationships and concepts of print. Similarly, early readers assimilate the structures. From what you're describing it could be a phonological process called epenthesis, where children will add a vowel, usually the a sound between two consonants in the middle of words, or following a consonant at the end of words i.e. cup-a, however, from the examples you used it sounds like your child's doing this with all words. Reduplication: a class of processes where the phonological exponent of a morphological category is formed by copying material from a different portion of the phonological output.)The phonological material indicating the category co-varies with the phonological material of the b. 3˙ kinthala 'dog' ! kintha-kinthala 'little dog. Many studies have shown that children with reading difficulties present deficits in rapid automatized naming (RAN) and phonological awareness skills. The aim of this study was to examine RAN and explicit phonological processing in Brazilian Portuguese-speaking children with developmental dyslexia and to explore the ability of RAN to discriminate between children with and without dyslexia

Phonological Processes - SLT inf

Phonological rule definition, an operation in generative phonology that substitutes one sound or class of sounds for another in a phonological derivation. See more reading processes—phonological and orthographic processing. Word reading skills in both writing systems were tested. Results revealed that Chinese onset matching skill was significantly correlated with English onset and rime matching skills. Pinyin, an alphabetic phonetic system used to assis A prospective study of the relationship between specific language impairment, phonological disorders and reading retardation. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 31, 1027-1050. Bissex, G.L. (1980). GYNS AT WRK: A Child Learns to Read and Write. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press To evaluate the relative role of left and right hemispheres (RH) and describe the functional anatomy of RH during ortholinguistic tasks, we re-analyzed the 128 papers of a former left-hemisphere (LH) meta-analysis (Vigneau et al., 2006). Of these, 59 articles reported RH participation, providing 105 Phonological awareness skills developed in one language can transfer to another language, even while those skills are still in the process of being developed (Cisero & Royer, 1995). Gottardo explored this connection between native language phonological skills and second language reading in a 2002 study with 92 Spanish-speaking first graders

‎Phonological Processes on the App Stor

  1. second, phonological processes per se. The exact locus of the phonological processes is not of concern in this paper, but it is argued that these processes affect verbal constructions presumably after the Linearization and Vocabulary Insertion (VI) apply to these constituents. (note 1) Flou rish ng C e at v ity & L cy Morphology Phonological rule
  2. assi: When a voiced consonant at the end of a word like /b/ or /d/ is substituted with a voiceless consonant like /p/ or /t/ ex. pick for pig Prevocalic voicing assi: When a voiceless consonant in the beginning of a word like /k/ or /f/ is substituted with a voiced consonant like /g/ or /v/ ex. gomb for com
  3. 5.3 Phonological effects (Hypothesis 3) Despite the inconclusive results seen in the case of HNR for [b d g], there are phonological effects that can at least partially explain the discrepancies with [ꞵ ð ɣ]
  4. istered a forced choice semantic categorization task developed in Italian (Belacchi and Cubelli in Journal of psycholinguistic research 41:295.

3 Types of Phonological Processes and Disorders Speech Blub

The Best Handout for Phonological Processing Disorder